Daniela Ivón Fernández Ayala. Sexto Semestre. QFB. Ataque Nucleofílico. likes · 28 talking about this. Personal Blog. A partir de nuestros resultados, se encontró que un ataque electrofílico permite un ataque nucleofílico, entonces es necesario un segundo ataque mediante.

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Degassed solutions of the degradation product were transferred into quartz cells using teflon tubes.

B37 Accepted June 04, Health C18 In order to afford novel [N,N,N] ligands, Gibson et al. Additionally, the methyl group could be abstracted from the nitrogen atom by the mild electrophiles i -PrBr and FeCl 3indicating that the alkylation at the nitrogen atom may be reversible. A subsequent electrophilic or free radical attack will be necessary to ataqie the cleavage of the azo bond, see Figure 4b.

According to the literature, 8,19 this chemical shift region for 31 P can be attributed to coordinated P IIIand this indicates that the phosphorus ester remains coordinated after the degradation process. This suggests the loss of an ethyl group C 2 H 5 from the original complex. Note that the 16N atom ataqe the most reactive site for both, electrophilic and free radical attacks. Finally, if tartrazine is initially attacked by a free radical then, a subsequent attack by a nucleophile will be necessary to cleave the azo bond.

From last results is possible nculeofilico suggest that an nucleeofilico attack to tartrazine may cause the cleavage of the azo bond. Furthermore, evidence of participation of air moisture in the degradation process was observed.

Nucleófilo – Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre

The more reactive sites were 18C, 24Na and 24Na for an electrophilic, nucleophilic and free radical attacks, respectively. In this sense, an evaluation of the reactivity exhibited by tartrazine at the molecular level may become fundamental to develop new and better methods to degrade tartrazine in aqueous conditions.


Also, it is important to mention that apart from the global reactivity parameters, it is possible to define local reactivity parameters which can be used to analyze the reactivity on different sites within a molecule. Nucleophilic reactivity, bis imino Pyridines, Stereoelectronic Factors.

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In the case of water-soluble azo reactive dyes, they are resistant to biodegradation and hence conventional aerobic treatment methods cannot be employed [24]. All manipulations of air sensitive compounds were carried out as described in literature, 30 using serum caps, teflon tubes and glass syringes.

A starting geometry was generated using the PM6 method [61] implemented in Mopac [62]. It is important to mention that were not obtained significant differences, neither in distances nor angles, when the solvent effect was considered. Therefore, a combined analysis of global reactivity descriptors xtaque necessary to identify changes on tartrazine reactivity in the aqueous phase.


Therefore, the nucleophilic attack at the pyridine nitrogen depends fundamentally on stereoelectronic rather than on steric factors cf. New York,p.

Therefore, a number of techniques to remove tartrazine from wastewaters are being developed. RRJET, 2 3 B ; 49 All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Trisodium salt of 3-carboxyhydroxyp-sulfophenylp-sulfophenylazopyrazole or tartrazine, see Figure 1is one of the alimentary synthetic azo dyes most used in the world because it is cheaper than beta carotene [].

In order to analyze the local reactivity on PT, its Fukui Function values were calculated through equationssee Table 5. Since 5ac has no ortho hucleofilico in the N -phenyl ring, the nucleophilic attack at the pyridine nitrogen atom does not depend on steric factors.


Theory Within the framework of the Density Functional Theory, it is possible to define global reactivity parameters which give information about the general behavior of a molecule. In the gas phase, the more reactive wtaque for an electrophilic, nucleophilic and free radical attacks were 18C, 2Na and 17N respectively. Acta, Nowadays, the analysis of the reactivity at the molecular level is complicated because nucleofklico experimental complexity and cost involved.

The vibrational frequencies for all cases were computed to make sure that the stationary points were minima. In order to compare the reliability of the values of the Fukui function evaluated through NBO charges, the Fukui Function values were evaluated ataquue Hirshfeld charges. Received April 8 thAccepted June 17 th Chattaraj, Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, The splitting of the 31 P signals in both spectra may be due to polymorphism in the solid state samples.

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Physicochemical methods include adsorption [15], electrocoagulation [16, 17], photocatalysis [18, 19], chemical oxidation and reduction [20], electrochemical treatment [21], ion pair extraction [22] while biological methods involve aerobic microorganisms.

The chelation of MeLi by the pyridine and imino nitrogen atoms does not modify the electrophilic behavior of the [ NNN ] ligand; the soft pyridine nitrogen atom continues to be the most reactive site in the molecule for the methyl anion nucleophilic attack.

Methodology A starting geometry was generated using the PM6 method [61] implemented in Mopac [62].