Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), a state of matter in which separate atoms or subatomic particles, cooled to near absolute zero (0 K, − °C, or − ° F. Bose-Einstein condensate (plural Bose-Einstein condensates). (physics) A gaseous superfluid phase of matter in which all the particles have the same quantum. In the left plot, no Bose Einstein Condensation took place. One can see that the energy distribution of the atoms is given by the Bose Einstein statistics. In the.

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Archived from the bosee on 24 October Rasel from Leibniz University of Hanover. The balance is a statistical effect: Probably the reader is not aware of all the terms that were used in the last passage; they will be explained in the following.

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September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Classical and Quantum Gravity. JETP 7, ]; ibid. If the number of particles is less than the number of thermally accessible states, for high temperatures and low densities, the kondesat will all be in different states. Satyendra Nath Bose first sent a paper to Einstein on the quantum statistics of light quanta now called photonsin which he einztein Planck’s quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics.

The validity of this approach is actually limited to the case of ultracold temperatures, which fits well for the most alkali atoms experiments.

The gas has extremely konndensat density, about one-hundred-thousandth the density of normal air. Particles can only have a set amount of energy. Bose was working on statistical problems in quantum mechanics, and sent his ideas to Albert Einstein.

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### Bose–Einstein condensate – Wikipedia

Many experiments start with atoms of rubidium. Bose—Einstein condensate is depicted as ghosts which was demystified as Bose—Einstein condensate in Netflix Originals Spectral. For example a future quantum computer should be able to hack the strongest encryptions, available today, within a few seconds. Quantum mechanics States of matter. Phillips the Nobel Prize for Physics.

## Bose-Einstein condensate

If one relaxes any of these assumptions, the equation for the condensate wavefunction acquires the terms containing higher-order powers of the wavefunction. Instead, the atoms fall into the same quantum states, and can’t be distinguished from one another.

Kondendat is usually done computationally, however in a uniform medium the analytic form:. This is particularly likely for an axially symmetric for instance, harmonic confining potential, which is commonly used. Unsolved problem in physics: The process of creation of molecular Bose condensate during the sweep of the magnetic field throughout the Feshbach resonance, as well as the reverse process, are described by the exactly solvable model that can explain many experimental observations.

However, it is clear that in a general case the behaviour of Bose—Einstein condensate can be described by coupled evolution equations for condensate density, superfluid velocity and distribution function of elementary excitations.

This page was last changed on 5 Septemberat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The first molecular condensates were created in November by the groups of Rudolf Grimm at the University of InnsbruckDeborah S. I and II, reprinted New York: The high transition temperature relative to atomic gases is due to the magnons small mass near an electron and greater achievable density. Archived from the original on 12 October Gose phenomena of superfluidity of a Bose kondennsat and superconductivity of a strongly-correlated Fermi gas a gas of Cooper pairs are tightly connected to Bose—Einstein condensation.

BEC research has yielded new atomic and optical physics, such as the atom laser Ketterle demonstrated in See Terms of Use for details. Nevertheless, they have proven useful in exploring a wide range of questions in fundamental physics, and the years since the initial discoveries by the JILA and MIT groups have seen an increase in experimental and theoretical activity.

Bose-Einstein condensates were first predicted theoretically by Satyendra Nath Bosean Indian physicist who also discovered the subatomic particle named for him, the boson. The chemistry of systems at room temperature is determined by the electronic properties, which is essentially fermionic, since room temperature thermal excitations have typical energies much higher than the hyperfine values.

### States of Matter: Bose-Einstein Condensate

In the middle plot, the conditions for condensation were hardly achieved. Various isotopes have since been condensed. Polariton condensation was firstly detected for kodnensat in a quantum well microcavity kept at 5 K. The magnetic field is then slowly lowered bit by bit to let the faster bouncing particles out.

For clusters of atoms that seem to exhibit some of the properties of elemental atoms, kondensah Superatom. A Bose—Einstein condensate BEC is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero The false colors indicate the number of atoms at each velocity, with red being the fewest and white being the most.