5 out. Também conhecida como Revolta dos Alfaiates, a Conjuração Baiana foi uma revolta social de caráter popular ocorrida na Bahia em and early nineteenth centuries (most famously the Inconfidência Mineira of and the Conjuração Baiana of ), all of which were quashed by the army. Lara, Campos da violência, 35; and Vallim, “Da sedição dos mulatos à conjuração baiana de ,” “Carta de Martinho de Mello e Castro,” –

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The confrontation between what appears in the Devassa and the information dispersed through the documentation with other origins provides consistent evidence of white men and landowners being involved in seditious activities in Bahia at the end of the eighteenth century.

New perspectives on the French presence conjurap Bahia in Os Confederados do Partido da Liberdade. Although the soldier did not deal with this point in his correspondence with the Conjurqo authorities nor did the manifestations that we know of in in Bahia highlight in any consistent form an abolitionist solutionthe large scale slave insurrections that began in the French colony of Santa Dominica in made the question unavoidable at that time.

With the reinforcement and strengthening of British dominance in Portugal, D. In relation to the role to be exercised by Baianq in Bahia, in conjurai new projected situation the French intention, as expressed by Larcher, of implementing exclusive French trade in substitution for the Portuguese was symptomatically highlighted, even though it was to be for a still to be decided period.

Conjuração Baiana

They want to adopt the current Constitution of the French Republic, of which I was happily able to give them an example 7 ; They chose me to be their messenger to you; Educated people, traders and soldiers are awaiting your good will ; Two of them are ready clnjurao meet you once they are summoned; it will mean no sacrifice for them; The Plan is ready and implemented; They have even given me the signals of the Convention. During Baianx Babeuf was executed in Paris for attempting a popular rising that would implement an agrarian communism.

Objections are often raised against the best designed plans that bsiana the most experienced eye: As soon as the division commander has given the agreed signal, the colony will rise en masse, the troops will join the inhabitants who will take the mint, safes conjugao storehouses, and the arsenal: SilvaBahia, Typ.

Moreover, in the records of the Devassa there appears in a constant form, though inconsistent in relation to the evidence, the accusation that the Conjurak conspirators wanted the entire “continent of Brazil” to rebel. Imprensa Oficial do Estado,p. Combined manner according to which the inhabitants should act. While he waited in Lisbon, at least between March and JuneCaptain Larcher seemed anxious to advance the projected French support for the Bahian conspirators.

Some of the occupations of those involved are specified ‘educated persons’, traders and soldiersevidence that his contacts had been with sectors of local elites, as was most plausible.


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The agreement he consented to included, among other aspects, ceding part of the Brazilian Amazon to France. Advantages for the trade of the French Republic that the state of its colonies makes even more precious.

At the time of conjudao trip to Brazil inas is well known, Larcher was carrying with him the official report of the abolition of slavery in the French colonies for Mauritius, from where he was expelled by French colonists dissatisfied with this measure.

Larcher’s time in the Portuguese capital was painful and 17998 due conjhrao the developments of conjuraoo European crisis caused by the French Revolution and its naiana, as can be seen in three other letters he wrote to his superiors It still remains to be known if this statement written by Larcher was just the fruit of his own individual perception or if he picked it up from the Bahian conspirators.

The initiative of this new message results from a mixture of reinforcement and insistence on the proposal, alongside the fear that the previous correspondence that gone astray and, though more subtly, the fear that the Minister of the Marine and the Colonies, Truguet, identified with the moderate Girondinist and even Monarchist wing of the Revolution had left the Project somewhere to gather dust Volumes 1 – For this reason it is possible to understand the geo-political, military and social obstacles that aborted this project on the French side.

Sedition, understood as the preparation of a project of political action aimed at altering the current relations of power, is thus circumscribed to this means, which allows it to affirm that “free men, but socially discriminated against, mulattoes, soldiers, artisans, former slaves and descendants of slaves, conceived the idea of a republic that would guarantee equality.

If I could have left for France at the same instant of my arrival in Lisbon, and if you are wanted to hear the Voice of this People, this Revolution would have already been enacted and it would not have taken long for You to baina the promised advantages.

It can be seen that the perspective of the French Revolution did not accompany the much talked about ‘new ideas’ clnjurao economic relations. And apart from Accoli, the painstaking chronicler, who noted that “it was said at this time that people of consideration influenced the intended revolt” 8this legacy of D.

The signal is in my mind [p.

I believe that I am in debt to the Minister of the Marine and the Colonies and I have taken the liberty of occupying you with the case that he certainly has reported to you. Another point to be emphasized is that France, at least in the conjuro of Captain Larcher, intended to exercise exclusivity of trade with Brazil, in substitution of the one exercised by Portugal, an aspect that appears in the two documents transcribed connjurao, as will be see below.


According to Tavares, “from the end of and the beginning of until July, August, or Septemberin the city of Salvador a small group of ‘men of consideration’ acted, Brazilians who repudiated colonial exploitation and who were attracted by France and its democratic-bourgeois ideas” The project for the invasion of Bahia written by Larcher, however, was not the fruit of an revolutionary outburst or delirium, rather it was an attempt, no matter how daring, that emerged out of vonjurao determined context.

Companhia das Letras, How to cite this article. More specifically in the Brazilian case the eighteenth century had witnessed some concrete unsuccessful attempts at French military occupation, such as Rio de Janeiro inas well as constant corsairs and smugglers along the coast.

Furthermore, the French soldier repeated in the two texts transcribed here that he had discussed these parts of the conspiracy with sectors from the Bahian elite. Services on Demand Article. Effects of this revolution on Brazil.

A People, buried by the dual Despotism of Monarchy and theocracy, comes to beg you to give them Freedom. The minister Truguet would be removed from his position a month after Larcher’s correspondence, as part of a wide ranging ministerial shuffle.

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As can be perceived the legacy of D. Cipriano Barata himself was arrested, interrogated and finally absolved, conjuro nonetheless only freed in In other words, drawing on the expression used in Jacques Godechot’s well known study 33it was the moment when the perspective of the Grande Nation was being affirmed, i. This also is connected to the social range of the conspirators, which was, thus, not limited to the poorer or middle class parts of the population.

At the same time Larcher included in this second fonjurao details that suggested that the Bahian conspiracy was well advanced “The Plan is ready and implemented”including in relation to the possibility of French military intervention. In this way it can be seen how Captain Larcher, holding the important position of Head of Division in the French Navy, had glimpsed and tried to implement the extension of this revolutionary Grande Nation to Bahia, where he had arrived through unforeseen circumstances and had been welcomed by various groups and people.

You can judge in your wisdom, Citizen Directors, if the proposal with which I have been entrusted to bring to you is easy to implement; allow me to wait for my return to France to provide more detailed clarifications; all I can assure you is that nothing in this world can be as useful to the prosperity of the French Republic, especially when baiaja is due only to small scale initiatives.