GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.

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I also contend that he fudges up this objective subjective distinction in part III.

Georg [György] Lukács

That is another way of saying that the legitimate origin of a law cannot be written into the concept of law as one of its conditions. Fogarasi in Kommunismus, jg. But this implies that the principle of rational mechanisation and calculability must embrace every aspect of life.

Home About My Work. Inhe married the Russian political activist and convicted terrorist Jelena Grabenko.

Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

There is no need to spell out the fact that for us these are both merely aspects of the same dialectical unity. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Part of a series on Marxism Theoretical works.

The commodity can only he understood in its undistorted essence when it becomes the universal category of society as a whole. For vulgar political economy, which seeks to represent capital as an independent source of value, of value creation, this form is naturally a veritable find.

It is only from the standpoint of the proletariat that history ceases to be: When a form is imposed thd life that is not a form of that specific mode of life or if the form in question cannot be realized in prlletariat lifesuch an imposition always runs the risk of distorting the meanings of the particular actions or persons.

Being in charge of coordinating the clandestine activities of the exiled communist party, he remained under constant threat of expulsion to Hungary. Alfred Sohn-Rethel An online resource. Thus the subject of the exchange is just as abstract, formal and reified as its object. This makes the agency of the communist party a necessary condition for the revolution. The distinction between a worker faced with a particular machine, the entrepreneur faced with a given type of mechanical development, the technologist faced with the state of science and the profitability of its application to technology, is purely quantitative; it does not directly entail any znd difference in the structure of consciousness.


By contrast, the organic unities of pre-capitalist societies organised their metabolism largely in independence of each other. In Marxismreification German: That is to say, it depends on the degree to which the contemplative stance is repudiated. Prpletariat incoherence becomes particularly egregious in periods of crisis. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: He goes on to describe that individuals in a capitalist society are viewed as having labor as a possession, wherein human function is reduced to a commodity, which is the crux of the problem of capitalism.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The capitalist process of rationalisation based on private economic calculation requires that every manifestation of life shall exhibit this very interaction between details which are subject to laws and a totality ruled by chance.

Whereas the objectively relatively stable, traditional craft production preserves in the minds of its individual practitioners the appearance of something flexible, something constantly renewing itself, something produced by the producers.

The result of this analysis is a conception of the work of art as an ideal of homogeneous unity of form and material. Engels describes this process with regard to the relation between economics and laws: Thus philosophy stands in the same relation to the special sciences as they do with respect to empirical reality.

Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat by Georg Lukacs

Such an ideal work of art is, in virtue of this harmony, a Utopian fulfillment of the attitudes that are already operative in the ordinary world of experience GW The party orthodoxy, however, was not quite so enamored. This understanding of institutions entails that politics, as a form of action directed towards the social totality as a whole, must treat this totality, on the one hand, as being dependent on natural and biological facts that limit its potential transformations and, on the other hand, as increasingly being determined by laws of its own GW Hegel sees externalization that is, the fact that the objects of our labor and the institutions of society are independent of our consciousness not as a deficiency, but rather as a necessary stage in the development of self-consciousness.


Thus the universality of the commodity form is responsible both objectively and subjectively for the abstraction of the human labour incorporated in commodities. The major economic tendency of capitalism is this same objectification of production, its separation from the personality of the producers. Hypostatization refers to an effect of reification which results from supposing that whatever can be named, or conceived abstractly, must actually exist, an ontological and epistemological fallacy.

The latter turns into the objective synthesis of rationalised special systems whose unity is determined by pure calculation and which must therefore seem to be arbitrarily connected with each other. The actually functioning capital, as we have seen, presents itself in such a light that it seems to yield interest not as functioning capital, but as capital in itself, as money-capital. University of California Press.

Reification (Marxism)

Second, there is the sociological-historical question about the relation between individual and collective life and the aesthetic and ethical forms in modern bourgeois society. Consequently, over time, the social becomes more and more determined by its own history, rather than by nature alone b: Thus it is not enough to just find out what a commodity is within our society, but how it affects and relates to the inner and outer facets of society.

However, if this atomisation is only an illusion it is a necessary one. What is at issue here, however, is the question: These theses were condemned as a right-wing deviation by the party earning him the status of being condemned both as a left-wing and a right-wing dissident within a timeframe of five years.